Maintaining the health of the supporting tissues of the teeth (including your gums, the bone of your jaws surrounding the roots of your teeth and the specialised ligaments that attach your teeth to this bone) is collectively referred to as periodontics.
Periodontics is important because these foundations of your teeth are an essential part of your overall oral health.
Periodontal (gum) disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Increasingly, evidence is mounting of possible links between gum disease and other serious chronic diseases such as heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
Gum disease is often silent, meaning symptoms may not appear until an advanced stage of the disease. However, four basic signs should alert you to possible trouble:
Bleeding gums during tooth brushing, flossing or any other time
2. Swollen gums
Swollen and bright red gums
Gums that have receded away from the teeth, sometimes exposing the roots
4. Bad breath
Persistent bad breath that does not clear up with brushing and flossing