Root Canal Treatment – Endodontics
Root canal treatment falls into a field of dentistry called endodontics, which deals with the blood and nerve supply to the tooth (the dental pulp).
Root canal treatment, and other related endodontic procedures, have helped millions of patients overcome poor tooth health and resolve painful problems. It’s now possible to treat and save a tooth that, just a few years ago, would have required extraction.
Root canal treatment is a skilled and time-consuming procedure. Most courses of treatment will involve two or more visits. Some treatments are particularly difficult, and our specialist endodontist will carry out the treatment.
At Space Healthcare, our highly skilled clinical team will be happy to discuss endodontic treatment with you if this is required as part of your personal treatment plan. You will be greeted by friendly, knowledgeable dental professionals who can guide you through the treatment and answer any questions you may have.
The Root Canal Treatment Procedure
During root canal treatment, we remove the inflamed, infected or necrotic (dead) pulp tissue from inside your tooth, carefully clean and re-shape the inside of the tooth roots and then place a special root filling material into the root. This obturates (fills) the entire pulp space inside the tooth, prevents the tooth root from being exposed and protects your jaw from possible infection that could enter through the root canal system.
The first stage of a root canal procedure is for us to carefully evaluate your tooth to make sure that endodontics is the best treatment option for you.
Dental x-rays will form part of this evaluation process so that we can look under the surface of your tooth to assess the bone and structures of the root.
After numbing your tooth with a local anaesthetic, we’ll place a special cover over your tooth called a dental dam. This protects your airway while the endodontic treatment is being completed and also prevents saliva contaminating the inside of the tooth root. We’ll then remove any old filling in your tooth and use a special drill to identify the position of the pulp. This will be entirely painless.
We’ll remove the diseased or damaged pulp tissue and then clean and shape the canals in your root so that an ideal root filling can be placed.
Often we will place special antiseptic into your tooth and then put in a temporary filling. You will then wait a few days to have the root filling completed.
Finally, we’ll place a special filling material into the root canal system, seal over the top of the roots and then restore the top of the tooth with a filling.
After being root filled, many back teeth are very susceptible to fracture. If this happens, the tooth may have to be removed, even if the root filling procedure has been successful.
As a result, we strongly advise that root-filled back teeth should be protected from the risks of fracturing. A crown or onlay may be needed as the best way to provide long-term protection.